Template para el AWA

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rid
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Template para el AWA

Mensaje por rid »

Os dejo aquí el mítico modelo o plantilla (template) del AWA que Chineseburned hizo en gmatclub ("How to get 6.0 AWA....my guide"). Os puedo asegurar que funciona, y que usándolo garantizas mínimo un 4.5 en el AWA, aunque lo más probable es que puntúes entre 5.0 y 6.0
chineseburned escribió: Guide to Perfect 6.0 AWA GMAT Score
AWA GUIDE by Chineseburned

1. General Structure

Analysis of an Argument
Intro - Restate argument, point out flaws or state intention to discuss them below
1st Para - First,...
2nd Para - Second/In addition,...
3rd Para - Third/Finally,...
Conclusion - The argument is flawed/weak/unconvincing because of the above -mentioned...Ultimately, the argument can be strengthened if/by...

2. Structural Word (should be all over the essays)

2.1 Supporting examples - for example, to illustrate, for instance, because, specifically
2.2 Additional support - furthermore, in addition, similarly, just as, also, as a result, moreover
2.3 Importance - surely, truly, undoubtedly, clearly, in fact, most importantly
2.4 Contrast - on the contrary, yet, despite, rather, instead, however, although, while
2.5 Decide against - one cannot deny that, it could be argued that, granted, admittedly
2.6. Ying-yang - on the one hand/on the other hand
2.7 Concluding - therefore, in summary, consequently, hence, in conclusion, ultimately, in closing

3. Templates

3.1 Argument

Intro:
The argument claims that ....(restate)
Stated in this way the argument:
a) manipulates facts and conveys a distorted view of the situation
b) reveals examples of leap of faith, poor reasoning and ill-defined terminology
c) fails to mention several key factors, on the basis of which it could be evaluated
The conclusion of the argument relies on assumptions for which there is no clear evidence. Hence, the argument is weak/unconvincing and has several flaws.

1st Para:
First, the argument readily assumes that......
This statement is a stretch....
For example,...
Clearly,...
The argument could have been much clearer if it explicitly stated that...

2nd Para:
Second, the argument claims that....
This is again a very weak and unsupported claim as the argument does not demonstrate any correlation between....and...
To illustrate,...
While,...
However,....indeed....
In fact, it is not at all clear...rather....
If the argument had provided evidence that.....then the argument would have been a lot more convincing.

3rd Para:
Finally,...
(pose some questions for the argument).....Without convincing answers to these questions, one is left with the impression that the claim is more of a wishful thinking rather than substantive evidence.

Conclusion:
In conclusion, the argument is flawed for the above-mentioned reasons and is therefore unconvincing. It could be considerably strengthened if the author clearly mentioned all the relevant facts....
In order to assess the merits of a certain situation/decision, it is essential to have full knowledge of all contributing factors. In this particular case....
Without this information, the argument remains unsubstantiated and open to debate.

4. Going from the templates to full-fledged essays

Argument

ESSAY QUESTION:
The following appeared in the editorial section of a national news magazine:

"The rating system for electronic games is similar to the movie rating system in that it provides consumers with a quick reference so that they can determine if the subject matter and contents are appropriate. This electronic game rating system is not working because it is self regulated and the fines for violating the rating system are nominal. As a result an independent body should oversee the game industry and companies that knowingly violate the rating system should be prohibited from releasing a game for two years."

Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. Point out flaws in the argument's logic and analyze the argument's underlying assumptions. In addition, evaluate how supporting evidence is used and what evidence might counter the argument's conclusion. You may also discuss what additional evidence could be used to strengthen the argument or what changes would make the argument more logically sound.

YOUR RESPONSE:
The argument claims that the electronic games rating system, although similar to the movie rating system, is not working because it is self regulated and violation fines are nominal, Hence, the gaming rating system should be overseen by an independent body. Stated in this way the argument fails to mention several key factors, on the basis of which it could be evaluated. The conclusion relies on assumptions, for which there is no clear evidence. Therefore, the argument is rather weak, unconvincing, and has several flaws.

First, the argument readily assumes that because the electronic game rating system is self regulated, it is not working well. This statement is a stretch and not substantiated in any way. There are numerous examples in other areas of business or commerce, where the entities are self regulated and rather successful. For instance, FIA, the Formula1 racing organization is self regulated. Yet, the sport is very popular and successful, drawing millions of spectators around the world each year. Tickets are rather expensive, races are shown on pay-per-view, and nearly all drivers are paid very well. Another example is the paralleled movie rating system that the argument mentions. The author fails to clarify whether it is working well, but it is clear that the movie rating system is pretty well received by people, who often base their decisions to go see a movie with kids or not on the movie rating. It has never been a case when someone would feel cheated by the movie rating and express disappointment afterwards. Since the movie rating system is also self regulated, it follows that this regulatory method is working pretty well and it is not obvious how it can be the reason for the poor electronic game rating system. The argument would have been much clearer if it explicitly gave examples of how the self regulatory system led to bad ratings and customer dissatisfaction.

Second, the argument claims that any violation fees for bad electronic game ratings are nominal. It thus suggests that this is yet another reason for the rating system not working. This is again a very weak and unsupported claim as the argument does not demonstrate any correlation between the monetary amount of the fines and the quality of the electronic game rating system. In fact, the argument does not even draw a parallel with the mentioned movie rating system and its violation fines. If any such correlation had been shown for the movie rating system, which supposedly works well, then the author would have sounded a bit more convincing. In addition, if the argument provided evidence that low violation fines lead to electronic game manufacturers to ignore any regulations with respect to the game rating system, the argument could have been strengthened even further.

Finally, the argument concludes that an independent body should oversee the game industry and companies that violate the rating system, should be punished. From this statement again, it is not at all clear how an independent regulatory body can do a better job than a self regulated one. Without supporting evidence and examples from other businesses where independent regulatory bodies have done a great job, one is left with the impression that the claim is more of a wishful thinking rather than substantive evidence. As a result, this conclusion has no legs to stand on.

In summary, the argument is flawed and therefore unconvincing. It could be considerably strengthened if the author clearly mentioned all the relevant facts. In order to assess the merits of a certain situation, it is essential to have full knowledge of all contributing factors.

5. Final tips

- During the tutorial type in a few sentences in the mock essay window to get used to the keyboard.
- Again during the tutorial, jot down on your notebook the basic structure of your essays or the opening sentences in case you get too nervous and forget them when the clock starts ticking.
- Write as much as you can. Try to write at least 500 words per essay.
- Always have the e-rater in mind as your potential reviewer. Remember that the human rater will make every effort to grade just like the e-rater. In that sense, keep your structure and volume in mind over actual quality/content.
- Be careful of spelling mistakes. Double check words that you normally know you misspell (e.g. exercise). Try to finish 2-3 minutes before time is up so you can slowly re-read your essay for the purposes of spell checking. Do not reorganize/delete sentences/paragraphs with less than 2 min left.
- No matter how great you thought your essays went, try to stay humble and focused - remember this was just a warm-up and the real stuff hasn't started yet!

Good luck!
The only people who never fail are those who never try

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Etreus
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Re: Template para el AWA

Mensaje por Etreus »

Muy bueno rid! De nuevo gracias!

Una preguntita, ¿los ensayos se mandan a las escuelas, o solo la nota obtenida? He leído por algún sitio que los comités de admisión pueden saber tu manera de expresarte gracias al AWA, pero no deja claro si es la nota, o el texto en sí.

Ya tengo fecha para el GMAT: el 20 de abril. Ahora sólo me falta ponerme a estudiar :D . Bueno, le estoy dedicando el poquísimo tiempo que tengo. A ver si hay suerte, pues tendría que compensar de alguna manera mis notas de la universidad, que son de pena comparadas con lo que se ve por ahí...

Saludos.

Etreus.

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rid
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Re: Template para el AWA

Mensaje por rid »

Etreus escribió:Muy bueno rid! De nuevo gracias!

Una preguntita, ¿los ensayos se mandan a las escuelas, o solo la nota obtenida? He leído por algún sitio que los comités de admisión pueden saber tu manera de expresarte gracias al AWA, pero no deja claro si es la nota, o el texto en sí.

Ya tengo fecha para el GMAT: el 20 de abril. Ahora sólo me falta ponerme a estudiar :D . Bueno, le estoy dedicando el poquísimo tiempo que tengo. A ver si hay suerte, pues tendría que compensar de alguna manera mis notas de la universidad, que son de pena comparadas con lo que se ve por ahí...

Saludos.

Etreus.
Hola Etreus,
Las escuelas pueden acceder a tus ensayos del AWA, aunque según tengo entendido casi nunca los miran salvo que duden de tu nivel inglés escrito (ie, también una baja nota en el TOEFL Writting), o si tus ensayos de admisión están escritos a lo Shakespeare y les entran dudas si los has escrito tú o Linda Abraham.

Sobre la nota del AWA cuenta para bastante poco... vamos, que mientras no bajes de 4.5 (o casi incluso 4.0) estás safe. Te aconsejo que no le dediques mucho tiempo a esto, apréndete este template y listo. Yo es lo que hice y saqué 5.5.

Suerte con el GMAT! ya nos contarás. Si te surgen dudas con preguntas, técnicas para resolver algún tipo de problema (yo aprendí un montón de otros), o lo que sea no dudes en escribir en el foro, a ver si damos un poco de caña a esta sección!

rid
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ktoubes
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Re: Template para el AWA

Mensaje por ktoubes »

Qué bien me va a venir el template este!! :D

En principio no debería de suponer una dificultad añadida a la sección del Writing del TOEFL, no es así?

Saludos!
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Etreus
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Re: Template para el AWA

Mensaje por Etreus »

Muy buenas!

En mi opinión, el template es bastante efectivo. Os cuento mi experiencia.

En mi caso, le dediqué poquísimo tiempo a memorizarlo (la noche de antes y la mañana del examen :D ), y además me quedé casi en blanco cuando empecé el GMAT (para el que no lo sepa es la primera de las secciones). De hecho, nada más empezar el primero de los ensayos intenté escribir en la pantalla el template correspondiente para ir siguiéndolo sin más, y no hice más que un par de frases! No me lo podía creer! Acababa de estar memorizando la hojita al menos durante un par de horas mientras esperaba a hacer el examen! Jajaja!! Creo que ha sido la primera vez que me pasa eso en un examen...

A eso tengo que añadir que la sensación mientras lo iba escribiendo era de estar haciéndolo fatal, no me venían ni palabras ni ideas a la cabeza. Eso sí, intenté escribir bastante para que además de malos, los ensayos no resultaran cortos, jeje! Al final, me han puesto un 4.5, que después de lo que pasé me sabe de maravilla ;) .

Lo dicho, seguí el template sólo parcialmente porque se me olvidaron la mayoría de las cosas y no había casi tiempo de pararse a recordar. Seguro que si lo hubiera seguido de manera algo más estricta hubiera aumentado al menos medio puntillo. Así que mi recomendación es que os lo aprendáis con un poco más de tiempo, pero ya está, no merece la pena dedicarle mayor atención. Y recordad al menos los siguientes puntos del "final tips":
- Again during the tutorial, jot down on your notebook the basic structure of your essays or the opening sentences in case you get too nervous and forget them when the clock starts ticking.
- Write as much as you can. Try to write at least 500 words per essay.
- Always have the e-rater in mind as your potential reviewer. Remember that the human rater will make every effort to grade just like the e-rater. In that sense, keep your structure and volume in mind over actual quality/content.
- Be careful of spelling mistakes. Double check words that you normally know you misspell (e.g. exercise). Try to finish 2-3 minutes before time is up so you can slowly re-read your essay for the purposes of spell checking. Do not reorganize/delete sentences/paragraphs with less than 2 min left.
- No matter how great you thought your essays went, try to stay humble and focused - remember this was just a warm-up and the real stuff hasn't started yet!

Espero que os sirva!

Un saludo.


Etreus

kaos1
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Re: Template para el AWA

Mensaje por kaos1 »

Hola, tengo el GMAT dentro de unos pocos dias y el AWA me lo estoy dejando para el final.

Seguramente use este template que parece muy comodo :)

Pero queria saber ¿donde puedo leer samples de essays de GMAT? Que tipo de preguntas hacen para el essay?

Thanks!

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Chio
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Re: Template para el AWA

Mensaje por Chio »

Hola kaos1,

Si no recuerdo mal, en las ultimas páginas de la OG hay bastantes ejemplos de preguntas del AWA y un par de ejemplos de respuestas de varios niveles. De todas formas imagino que prácticamente todos los libros tendrán ejemplos.

Mucha suerte en tu examen!
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DamarisLee
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Re: Template para el AWA

Mensaje por DamarisLee »

Disculpe la ignorancia apenas estoy estudiando lo que es el examen GMAT, y quiero saber si aunque tu idioma principal es el espanol hay que hacer el ensayo en ingles?

Espero qu me puedan ayudar con esta duda porque quiero comenzar a prepararme para tomarlo?

Ademas cuanto tiempo le tomo para poder aprobar el GMAT? o Que tiempo le dedicaron para ir a tomarlo?

AYudenme Por Favor? Soy de PR y quiero estudiar en Virginia

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JTeleco
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Re: Template para el AWA

Mensaje por JTeleco »

Hay varios hilos de ese tema... además deberías pasar por el hilo de presentaciones


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Gulipad
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Re: Template para el AWA

Mensaje por Gulipad »

Hola!

Vengo a compartir mi experiencia de esta estupendísima plantilla para el AWA.

Tuve el GMAT este lunes, y me acaban de llegar los resultados. Para prepararme el AWA, estuve el sábado y el domingo haciendo essays con los prompts que aparecen en la web del propio GMAT, mba.com. He de decir que estuve años viviendo en EEUU, si no probablemente convenga mirarlo con más antelación.

Cogí unos 7 u 8 totalmente al azar, para familiarizarme con la plantilla de Chineseburned. Utilicé esta web, http://www.gmatawa.com para corregirlos. Es gratis, y no tenía mucha más opción con el tiempo que tenía. En principio no tiene pinta de ser poco preciso, pero podría estar equivocado.

Utilicé la plantilla mas o menos al pie de la letra. Estructuralmente exactamente la misma, pero metiendo algunas fórmulas propias, sobre todo para no ser demasiado simple poniendo "First" al primer párrafo y "Second" al segundo. También es cierto que utilicé varias frases tal cual, sobre todo para la intro y conclusión. Al final me han puesto un 6.0! Así que corroboro que funciona y muchas gracias por enseñarla!
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